Fig trees are best pruned when dormant. Prune in late winter before the tree breaks dormancy and begins growing. Remove any dead, damaged or diseased wood. Remove weak shoots or those that are obviously growing in the wrong direction. Try to maximize light penetration, air circulation and to stimulate productive new wood. You can also do a second pruning in mid-summer. Pinch new growth tips once they have extended 4-6 leaves. New side shoots will produce fig buds that will ripen the following year.